Saturday, 23 June, 2018

Is a low-carb or low-fat diet more effective?

Weight loss similar with healthy low-fat, low-carbohydrate diets Low Fat Vs Low Carb Diet: Which Works Best?
Isabel Fisher | 22 February, 2018, 01:19

One of the companies that sells DNA tests that promise to guide customers to the most-likely-to-succeed diet, Pathway Genomics, did not respond to requests for comment.

At the end of the study period, the researchers found varying results. In fact it's not the diet that you should be mindful of, but your body.

"This closes the door on the possibility that the. genotype pattern we tested would be useful", said lead study author Christopher Gardner of Stanford University in California. "It's because we're all very different, and we're just starting to understand the reasons for this diversity".

Asked for her perspective, Reshmi Srinath, MD, director of the Weight and Metabolism Management Program at Mount Sinai Hospital and Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, who was not involved with the study, told MedPage Today, "The weight loss results are comparable to prior studies where we see weight loss really is dependent on compliance rather than the diet itself".

Dr Gardener's study also found that a person's genetics or insulin metabolism is not necessarily a discriminating factor when it comes to a diet's effectiveness, despite the advent and popularity of DNA diets in the weight loss industry now.

In the initial eight weeks of the study, participants were told to limit their daily carbohydrate or fat intake to just 20 grams, which is about what can be found in a 1.5 slices of whole wheat bread or in a generous handful of nuts, respectively.

Gardner and his team of researchers assessed 609 overweight adults across the United Kingdom with ages ranging from 18 to 50 years over a period of 12 months.


In a face-off between a low-fat and a low-carbohydrate diet, neither reigned supreme.

The low-fat group was initially encouraged to cut down to 20g a day of fat, and the low-carb group to 20g a day of carbohydrates.

People were remarkably compliant about following their assigned low-fat or low-carb diet. It's worth noting that average fat consumption for the participants before the study started was around 87 grams a day, and average carbohydrate intake was about 247 grams. "Also, we advised them to diet in a way that didn't make them feel hungry or deprived - otherwise it's hard to maintain the diet in the long run", said Gardner in a statement. About 30% of people in the study group had a genetic signature that, in theory, should have pointed to success on the low-fat diet, while 40% had a low-carb "profile". Individuals in both groups also showed improvements in other important health markers such as reduced body fat, lower blood sugar, improved blood pressure levels and decreased waist size.

The results showed that individuals in the two groups had lost, on an average, 13 pounds. There was still, however, enormous weight loss variability among them. Some of the participants lost as much as 60 pounds, while others even gained weight.

Interestingly enough, those who lost the most weight didn't do so by cutting macros.

"One both sides, we heard from people who had lost the most weight that we had helped them change their relationship to food, and that now they were more thoughtful about how they ate". They were also given common-sense advice about eating more vegetables and whole grains and less fatty and sugary junk food.

Moving forward, he and his team will continue to analyse the data collected to uncover what is behind individual weight loss.

Recommended

  • Trump brands woman's claim of two-minute Trump Tower smooch fake news

    Trump brands woman's claim of two-minute Trump Tower smooch fake news

    The story does not accuse the women of fabricating allegations against Trump, contradicting a claim he made on Tuesday. Emails she sent family at the time alluded to the incident. "I was shocked and devastated", she told Inside Edition.
    Major league notebook: MLB places limits on player visits to mound

    Major league notebook: MLB places limits on player visits to mound

    For any extra-innings played, each Club shall be entitled to one additional non-pitching change mound visit per inning. Managers Bob Melvin of the A's and Bruce Bochy of the Giants were in the process of reviewing the rules.
    KFC forces to shut some outlets due to chicken shortage

    KFC forces to shut some outlets due to chicken shortage

    KFC has about 900 United Kingdom restaurants, including a branch in Cross Hands, with more than 80 per cent run by franchisees. KFC used to get chicken delivered through a South African-distribution group called Bidvest .
  • Struggling Venezuela To Start Selling 'Petro' Cryptocurrency

    Struggling Venezuela To Start Selling 'Petro' Cryptocurrency

    Maduro previously said his government would issue as many as 100 million petros, valued at over $ 6 billion ($60 per coin). That might knock the price down, considering its poor management of the country's tumbling offline currency, the bolivar.
    India film star Kamal Haasan launches political party

    India film star Kamal Haasan launches political party

    Actor's publicist has told that Kejriwal will grace the event with his presence and will also address the crowd with Kamal. The actor said he would not forget the hurdles the current regime has been posing to his party.
    Return to top 10 all the sweeter for Kvitova

    Return to top 10 all the sweeter for Kvitova

    She saved another break point in the fifth game before breaking Muguruza with a couple of down-the-line shots to go 4-2 up. Kvitova was forced to take a break from tennis after being attacked by a knife-wielding intruder at her home in 2016.
  • Herbal drug kratom is linked to salmonella illnesses, CDC says

    Herbal drug kratom is linked to salmonella illnesses, CDC says

    However, health representatives have still not recognized a precise brand or supplier of kratom supplements tied to the outbreak . The FDA recommends that consumers not use these or any kratom products and dispose of any products now in their possession.
    Alaska Pacific University skier wins gold in cross-country team sprint

    Alaska Pacific University skier wins gold in cross-country team sprint

    In that story, which ran at the start of the Pyeongchang Games, Diggins told Russell, "We definitely have a chance at a medal". So when it came down to a three-way sprint for the win tonight, the USA team knew it was possible for her to pull through.
    Jared Kushner is reportedly resisting a White House security clearance overhaul

    Jared Kushner is reportedly resisting a White House security clearance overhaul

    Kelly, who has told colleagues he considers himself to be media savvy, has been cautious to appear publicly supportive of Kushner. Kushner since taking the post of chief of staff but has rarely taken him on directly, has made no guarantees.
  • Magician Modi can make even democracy disappear: Rahul

    Magician Modi can make even democracy disappear: Rahul

    In a post on social media, Rahul said, 'Modi Ji, last month you ignored my suggestions for your Mann Ki Baat monologue. RAFALE scam. "There can not be a bigger irony than Rahul Gandhi talking about corruption.
    Mobile Police officer shot and killed; suspect also dead

    Mobile Police officer shot and killed; suspect also dead

    Hollie, who killed Billa and barricaded himself inside his house, also died in the standoff, which lasted for more than two hours. In July 2017, Billa was interviewed by WALA-TV for a segment on the police force's relationship with community members.
    New sealed filing in Manafort and Gates case

    New sealed filing in Manafort and Gates case

    Manafort and Gates are accused of directing a covert Washington lobbying campaign on behalf of pro-Russian Ukrainian interests. Alex van der Zwaan, who worked in London for NY law firm Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, appeared today in the U.S.

On AAP vs Delhi Chief Secretary tussle, Rajnath says 'deeply pained' On AAP vs Delhi Chief Secretary tussle, Rajnath says 'deeply pained' Who were the people who assaulted the minister in the secretariat? However, he was later arrested by the police. He reportedly said, "I have not done anything wrong".

Syrian Forces Enter Afrin to Help Kurds against Turkish Incursion Syrian Forces Enter Afrin to Help Kurds against Turkish Incursion Ankara says it is determined to carry on its operation whatever happens. Putin is a key backer of the Syrian government.

Nawaz Sharif not eligible to hold post of PML-N party chief Nawaz Sharif not eligible to hold post of PML-N party chief While on the other side, former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said that he and his was being victimised in the name of justice. Sharif and some of his family members are facing charges relating to their ownership of posh properties in London.

Olympics: Russians say USA may be to blame for curler's drug test Olympics: Russians say USA  may be to blame for curler's drug test A ban for Krushelnitsky could result in Russian Federation losing its chance to be reinstated before the end of the Games. The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) has launched a doping procedure against him, but no hearing date has been fixed.

Capt, Trudeau meeting on Wednesday Capt, Trudeau meeting on Wednesday However, the Centre has responded by stating that it is not snubbing Trudeau and his family. "Look forward to meeting Canadian Prime Minister @JustinTrudeau in Amritsar on Wednesday".

Mikaela Shiffrin withdraws from women's downhill at Olympics Mikaela Shiffrin withdraws from women's downhill at Olympics Vonn couldn't match it when she skied off two spots later. "Definitely, before the race I don't go on social media". And on top of everything else, she has boy trouble.

Do hospital workers get the flu vaccine? Not all, data shows Do hospital workers get the flu vaccine? Not all, data shows They say it doesn't just protect an individual, it protects the larger community because it helps prevent the flu from spreading. Lexington's deadly flu season has already eclipsed last season's totals, and health officials are reporting additional cases.

Sukhbir Singh Badal to welcome Justin Trudeau at Golden Temple: SAD Sukhbir Singh Badal to welcome Justin Trudeau at Golden Temple: SAD Welcoming more Indians to his country, Trudeau said the 1.3 million-strong Indo-Canadians are a great strength for this nation. Trudeau would have to be incredibly clumsy and tone-deaf not to understand he was sailing into rough political waters.

Oil Price Stabilises As Brent Crude Gains At $65.30 Per Barrel Oil Price Stabilises As Brent Crude Gains At $65.30 Per Barrel Selling pressure could resume if hedge fund investors decide to continue liquidating their previously created long positions. The EIA (Energy Information Administration) monthly report suggested a revision in US November output to above 10 mbpd.

The Queen of England Made an Appearance at London Fashion Week — Surprise The Queen of England Made an Appearance at London Fashion Week — Surprise Forget Kate Middleton and Meghan Markle , Queen Elizabeth II is the real fashionista. The Queen seemed to really be enjoying Quinn's Fall 2018 collection.

Strikes Kill Scores in Syria's Eastern Ghouta in the Past 24 Hours Strikes Kill Scores in Syria's Eastern Ghouta in the Past 24 Hours The conflict in Syria has seen more than 300,000 people killed and millions more displaced since it began in early 2011. United Nations officials say malnutrition is rife, although Eastern Ghouta was once the capital's market garden.

Trump tweets he's been tougher on Russian Federation Trump tweets he's been tougher on Russian Federation It's been a common complaint from Trump, who has alternately downplayed the extent of Russian interference and blamed his predecessor for failing to stop it.

Olympic gold again for skaters Moir and Virtue Olympic gold again for skaters Moir and Virtue Papadakis and Cizeron were the new rivals on the scene, bringing a fresh, contemporary style that had won the judges over. They are one of a kind, arguably the greatest to ever ice dance in the history of the world.

Google's new AI algorithm predicts heart disease by looking at your eyes Google's new AI algorithm predicts heart disease by looking at your eyes If the eyes are the window to the soul, Google thinks it's proven that the retina can offer a window to the state of the heart. Google and Verily's scientists analyse a medical dataset of almost 300,000 patients.

OH student shoots self at middle school, no other students harmed OH  student shoots self at middle school, no other students harmed He added that all evening activities in the school district were canceled. 7th grader shot himself in a bathroom. A school official in OH says a middle school student apparently shot himself after bringing a gun to school.